Global access to safe water, better sanitation facilities, and proper health education can reduce illness and death from water related diseases, leading to improved health, poverty reduction, and socio-economic development. However, many countries are challenged to provide these basic necessities to their populations, leading to vicious cycle of poverty and even death especially to children, where one in every four child deaths in the world is caused by water and poor sanitation related diseases.
Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of Universal access to water, sanitation, and hygiene services by 2030 in Uganda is inconceivable without a collective understanding of the problem and its solutions, mass treatment alone is unlikely to combat the Wash related diseases but supportive strategies of PHASE and SAFE are vital to achieve effective control. According to the Water and Environment Sector Performance Report (2017) conducted by Ministry of Water and Environment (MoWE) , it was revealed that 30% of Ugandans lack access to safe water and 65% do not have access to improved sanitation facilities. Communities should be sensitized on hygienic practices in order to maintain a safe water chain from the source to storage at the household level.
The functionality for rural water supplies has reduced to 85%, from the 86% (2016). The same report indicated that “The national standards for school sanitation recommend a pupil to stance ratio of 40:1, this ration further worsened to 71:1, from that of 2016 (70:1). Only 35% of the pupils have access to washing facilities, which puts the lives of the pupils at risk of faecal related diseases leading to absenteeism”
To this therefore, Alliance Water Solutions (AWASO) focus on transforming lives through health education, safe water provision, sludge management and promotion of sanitation by providing water borne toilets to public places and at households in slums and rural growth centers that have poor soils, little space to dig latrines and proper disposal of feacal waste.