Latrine Infrastructure Development
Sanitation and hygiene services remain a global crisis especially in developing countries and the rate of breakdown and abandonment of the few constructed water schemes in rural and sanitation facilities in public places is increasing, this is as a result of poor maintenance, poor management, non-customized technology and lack of ownership of hygiene and sanitation to beneficiaries in health promotion. This has increased open defecation, open urination and lack of hand washing facilities. Poor sanitation can spread a number of diseases and leads to vicious cycle of poverty and even death especially to children, where one in every four child deaths in the world is caused by water and poor sanitation related diseases and these deaths are concentrated in low-income communities in developing countries
Globally, improving sanitation, and hygiene has the potential to prevent at least 9.1% of the disease burden, A report by the WHO suggests that higher levels of WASH services can significantly reduce diarrheal illness. Improved Sanitation and hygiene are vital for life and health. Performance Report (MoWE) (2017) revealed that 65% do not have access to improved sanitation facilities, yet only 37% have access to hand washing. This is worse in schools which has 35% of the pupils having access to washing facilities increasingly putting the lives of the pupils at risk of faecal related diseases leading to absenteeism in school.
Despite continuous sensitisation by different stakeholders, Uganda is still grappling with open defecation, a significant number of the population don’t wash hands after visiting toilet and limited access to latrines. Achieving SDG6 target 2 by 2030 of universal access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situation is inconceivable without a collective understanding of the problem and its solutions
The Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) projected Uganda’s population to be 38,667,810 persons by mid-year 2018 at an average growth of 3% with 80% (30,967,593) persons living in rural areas. The percentage of population practicing open defecation in urban areas stands at 12.6% (970,227.342) out of the urban population of 7,700,217 people. District reports show that 8% of the rural population, which is 2.47 million people is still practicing open defecation, down from 9% reported in the financial year 2016/2017 yet the national pit-latrine coverage stands at 79%
Increased public poor sanitation is accelerated due to lack of financial resources to construct new public sanitation facilities, increased population as a result of urbanization, the existing outdated technology of pit latrine in public place visa-vie emptied modern pour flush/ flush toilets, existing dilapidated sanitation facilities, poor facility management by community leaders, lack of sanitation ownership by the beneficiary communities, poor fecal management and non-customized technology to cater for current beneficiaries. This has not only caused unending abandonment and poor usage of the established sanitation facilities but has accelerated water borne related illness and has affected the pillar of development and household livelihood hence the social-economic structural community breakdown
It’s against this background that Alliance Water Solution (AWASO), is promoting improved Latrine Infrastructure Development (LID) program to construct 20,000 sanitation facilities in Busoga region for a period of 10 years. The program will construct emptiable latrine/toilet facilities for both institutions and households in slums, markets and landing sites. Details